Glucagon-like peptide 1 and appetite.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Trends in endocrinology and metabolism: TEM, Volume 24, Issue 2, p.85-91 (2013)

Keywords:

Appetitedigestive disease, digestive deseases Eatingdigestive disease, digestive deseases Gastrointestinal Motilitydigestive disease, digestive deseases Glucagon-Like Peptide 1digestive disease, digestive deseases Humans

Abstract:

Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and GLP-1 analogs have received much recent attention due to the success of GLP-1 mimetics in treating type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but these compounds may also have the potential to treat obesity. The satiety effect of GLP-1 may involve both within-meal enteroenteric reflexes, and across-meal central signaling mechanisms, that mediate changes in appetite and promote satiety. Here, we review data supporting the role of both peripheral and central GLP-1 signaling in the control of gastrointestinal motility and food intake. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the appetite-suppressive effects of GLP-1 may help in developing targeted treatments for obesity.